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A Half-Century of School Shootings Like Columbine, Sandy Hook and Parkland – The New York Times

A Half-Century of School Shootings Like Columbine, Sandy Hook and Parkland – The New York Times

A shooting at a school in Highlands Ranch, Colo., on Tuesday in which one student was killed and eight others were injured swiftly drew comparisons to the 1999 attack on nearby Columbine High School and the dozens of shootings like it in the years since. The attack was the fourth such school shooting in the…

A taking pictures at a college in Highlands Ranch, Colo., on Tuesday by which one pupil modified into as soon as killed and eight others had been injured rapidly drew comparisons to the 1999 attack on end by Columbine High College and the handfuls of shootings love it in the years since.

The attack modified into as soon as the fourth such college taking pictures in the Denver space and no longer lower than the 111th in the nation since 1970, in step with a Current York Times evaluation — the newest in a decades-long series of violent episodes which private skittish the nation and traumatized generations of students.

The Times examined hundreds of episodes in a database of shootings at elementary, heart and high schools to title these instances the put, love at Highlands Ranch and Columbine, the assailants deliberate their assaults and fired indiscriminately.

Deaths and accidents in appealing-shooter assaults on K-12 schools since 1970

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

A champion rifle group member fired

at random targets from the dwelling windows

of a Current York high college.

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

A bloodbath at a Stockton,

Calif., elementary college ended in the

nation’s first assault weapons ban.

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Two students, considered one of whom pulled a hearth

fear, shot classmates as they fled an

Arkansas heart college.

Columbine

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

A shooter at Santana High

College outdoors San Diego

fastidiously deliberate his

attack. College students heard

him originate veiled threats

ahead of the attack.

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Benton

Sandy Hook

Parkland

Santa Fe

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

Stockton

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Columbine

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Benton

Sandy Hook

Parkland

Santa Fe

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

Stockton

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Columbine

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Benton

Sandy Hook

Parkland

Santa Fe

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

Stockton

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Columbine

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Sandy Hook

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Benton

Parkland

Santa Fe

A complete of 202 folks had been killed in these assaults and 454 had been injured, at the side of the shooters. In 16 instances, shots had been fired nonetheless no one modified into as soon as injured.

Closing year modified into as soon as in particular violent: 29 folks had been killed and forty eight had been injured in three shootings in Parkland, Fla.; Sante Fe, Tex.; and Benton, Ky.

Shootings of this kind are uncommon relative to the upper universe of gun violence at schools, nonetheless they’re fashioned ample that lockdown drills and “flee, conceal, fight” exercises are phase of the college trip all around the nation. Sooner than Highlands Ranch there modified into as soon as Marjory Stoneman Douglas. Sooner than Marjory Stoneman Douglas there modified into as soon as Sandy Hook. Sooner than Sandy Hook, Columbine, and ahead of Columbine, Cleveland Elementary in Stockton, Calif.

Active-shooter assaults on schools every year

7 assaults

As a minimal one wound

No accidents

1970

1975

1985

1995

1980

1990

2000

2005

2010

2015

2019

No accidents

As a minimal one wound

7 assaults

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2019

As a minimal one wound

No accidents

7 assaults

’70

’80

’90

’00

’10

’19

The college shootings database, compiled by the Naval Postgraduate College’s Center for Set of starting up Protection and Security, is essentially the most complete and detailed of its style. Researchers aimed to doc all instances of gunfire at K-12 schools since 1970 and recorded a complete of more than 1,300 instances. The database would not encompass shootings on school campuses.

The Times’s evaluation identified the 111 instances that met the F.B.I.’s definition for an brisk-shooter scenario, by which an assailant is actively engaged in killing or attempting to raze folks, on college property or within college constructions. It excluded episodes that match more fashioned patterns of gun violence just like focused assaults, gang shootings and suicides.

Locations of appealing-shooter assaults at schools since 1970






Me.

N.D.

Mont.

Vt.

S.D.

Highlands Ranch taking pictures

Fourth in Denver space since Columbine

Iowa

N.J.

Del.

W.Va.

Ala.

Hawaii






Me.

N.D.

Mont.

Vt.

S.D.

Iowa

N.J.

Highlands Ranch taking pictures

Fourth in Denver space since Columbine

Del.

W.Va.

Ala.

Hawaii






Me.

N.D.

Mont.

Vt.

S.D.

Highlands Ranch

college taking pictures

Iowa

N.J.

Del.

W.Va.

Ala.

Hawaii






Me.

Mont.

N.D.

Vt.

S.D.

Highlands Ranch

college taking pictures

Iowa

N.J.

Del.

W.Va.

Ala.

Hawaii

These occasions private alarmed essential of the nation and, in the case of the Parkland taking pictures, inspired a nationwide pupil-led circulate to tighten the nation’s gun guidelines. But they anecdote for handiest a tiny share of the episodes of gun violence that formative years trip in American schools.

Other instances would possibly well encompass a pupil showing off a gun to friends in the hallway, the unintentional discharge of a college handy resource officer’s gun, or a gang-connected force-by taking pictures at a college bus discontinue.

“There are shootings that occur in very filthy rich counties and very miserable counties, ones that happen in very diverse areas and very homogenous areas,” mentioned David Riedman, a co-creator of the database.

Active shooters would possibly well attack anyplace, nonetheless a demographic evaluation presentations they’re inclined to private traits in fashioned. The majority of shooters had been young white males or boys, a form of them fresh or ancient students of the colleges the put they opened fire.

Loads of the shooters had been white boys or young, white males

Age

10

15

20

25

30

40

forty five

19 shooters

White males

Other

Unknown

Most shooters

had been students or

ancient students

Age

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

forty five

50

19 shooters

White males

Others

Unknown

Most shooters

had been students or

ancient students

Age

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

forty five

50

19 shooters

White males

Others

Unknown

Most shooters

had been students or

ancient students

Age

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

forty five

50

Some shooters adopted a now-acquainted blueprint. Peter Langman, a psychologist who be taught college shooters, mentioned youthful assailants are in particular probably to to find inspiration in earlier occasions. “Extra than anybody else, folks cite the Columbine killers,” Mr. Langman mentioned.

That episode intensified a debate over gun violence that continues to divide the nation and drove districts to allocate hundreds of millions of bucks to “harden” schools towards threats.

The Highlands Ranch taking pictures equally renewed archaic questions about gun to find admission to and how most productive to guard students from shootings. At a vigil for the victims on Wednesday, Colorado’s senior senator criticized the nation’s gun guidelines.

Mr. Riedman, who spent hours poring over recordsdata reports and public recordsdata on hundreds of shootings to originate the database, mentioned college safety measures must consider no longer handiest the incidents love Columbine nonetheless moreover the many different routes guns and schools can intersect in The US.

“These shootings had been performed by every form of oldsters from students to complete strangers,” Mr. Reidman mentioned. “They’ve came about in any phase of the nation and they also’ve came about for nearly about every cause, and that makes prevention very advanced. There can’t be anybody single or easy solution that’s going to tackle this order.”

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